2014 ISS Special Lecture- “The North Korean Human Rights Conundrum: Is There a Way Forward?”

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[I N V I T A T I O N]

2014 한국외국어대학교 국제여름학기 특별강연에 관심 있는 모든 분을 초대합니다.

You are cordially invited to a special lecture organized by 2014 International Summer Session in Korean and East Asian Studies (ISS) at Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (HUFS), Seoul Campus, Seoul, South Korea.

일시 / Date
7. 30(수) 5시 – 7시 /Wednesday, July 30, 2014 5 pm – 7pm

장소 / Venue
한국외국어대학교 사이버관 대강당 (정문 왼편 위치)
Main Conference Hall at Cyber Building, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
(located at the left side of university main gate)

주제 / Title
“북한 인권 문제: 진전을 위한 길을 찾아서”
“The North Korean Human Rights Conundrum: Is There a Way Forward?”

사회 / Moderator
그렉 스칼라튜 북한인권위원회 사무총장
Greg Scarlatoiu, Executive Director, Committee for Human Rights in North Korea

기조연설 / Keynote Speech
이정훈 외교부 인권대사
Jung-Hoon Lee, ROK government’s Ambassador for Human Rights

발표자 / Speakers

1. 김영순 탈북무용가, 북한 요덕수용소 생존자
Young-Soon Kim, Choreographer, Political Prison Camp Survivor

2. 신동혁, 북한정치범 수용소 생존자, Inside North Korea 대표
Dong-Hyuk Shin, Political Prison Camp Survivor and Executive Director, Inside North Korea

3. 팀 피터스, Helping Hands Korea (HHK) 대표
Tim A. Peters, Founder-Managing Director, Helping Hands Korea (HHK)

4. 김광진 국가안보전략연구소 선임연구위원
Kwang-Jin Kim, Senior Researcher, ROK Institute for National Security Strategy (INSS)/HRNK


Speaker Bios for this special lecture:

“THE NORTH KOREAN HUMAN RIGHTS CONUNDRUM: IS THERE A WAY FORWARD?”

KEYNOTE SPEAKER
DR. JUNG-HOON LEE

ROK Ambassador for Human Rights
Director, Center for Modern Korean Studies and Center for American Studies
Yonsei University

Jung-Hoon Lee is ROK government’s Ambassador for Human Rights. He is also a faculty member at Yonsei University where he is currently Director of the Center for Modern Korean Studies as well as the Center for American Studies. He received his BA from Tufts University, MALD from the Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, and D.Phil. from the University of Oxford (St. Antony’s College). His former positions include a full-time lectureship at U.C. Berkeley, a research fellowship at the University of Tokyo, a non-resident visiting fellowship at the CSIS in Washington, D.C., and a visiting professorship at Keio University. Outside the campus, Prof. Lee holds a number of board and committee memberships including CSCAP-Korea’s Executive Committee where he served as secretary-general. Other academic commitments include former or current directorship at a number of academic associations, including the Korea Political Science Association and the Korea Association of International Studies. In an advisory capacity he currently serves as a senior member of South Korea’s National Unification Advisory Council and the Ministry of Unification where he chairs the Advisory Committee for Humanitarian Affairs. Other main commitments include his role as Co-Chair of Save NK, an NGO dealing mainly with North Korean human rights, Chair of the ‘Committee for the Establishment of Refugee Camp for the North Korean Defectors,’ Vice-Chair of the Supporter’s Group for the ‘House of Sharing’ where several remaining “comfort women” are housed, and as CEO of the Board of Tongwon Foundation in Seoul that houses Tongwon University, Hanyoung Foreign Language High School (one of the top prep schools in Korea), Hanyoung High School, Hanyoung Junior High School, Hanyoung Kindergarten, and Kukje Haksulwon, a research think-tank. Ambassador Lee also hosted for five years a weekly TV program on current affairs and his writings and commentaries frequently appear on local and foreign media, including CNN, BBC, NHK, CNBC, ABC, Channel News Asia, NYT, Washington Post, etc. He also has great interest in professional sports, having served for four years as Chairman of the Korea Professional Tennis Federation. In the last presidential election Prof. Lee advised President Park Geun Hye on foreign and security affairs. Until recently, he was also a designated columnist for Moonhwa Daily Newspaper. He has written widely on East Asian affairs, with special reference to foreign policy and security issues.

MODERATOR
GREG SCARLATOIU

Executive Director, Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK)

Faculty Member, HUFS ISS

Greg Scarlatoiu is Executive Director of the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK) in Washington, D.C. At HRNK, he plans, coordinates, manages and conducts research and outreach programs aiming to focus world attention on human rights abuses in North Korea, and to seek creative solutions for improving the human rights situation in that country. He has authored a weekly radio column broadcast by Radio Free Asia to North Korea for eleven years.

A returning visiting professor at the Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (HUFS) in Seoul, he has given lectures addressing the Korean peninsula to academic institutions including: the State Department’s Foreign Service Institute (FSI), Georgetown University, American University, Marine Corps University, Angelo State University, Brigham Young University, Princeton University and Stanford University. Now a naturalized U.S. citizen, Scarlatoiu was born and raised in communist Romania under the regime of Nicolae Ceausescu. He has lived in Seoul for 10 years and is fluent in Korean, French and Romanian.

He holds MAs in international relations from The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, and Seoul National University, and a BA in international relations from Seoul National University. In 1999, Scarlatoiu was conferred the title of Citizen of Honor, City of Seoul. Scarlatoiu is a member of the Board of Directors of the International Council on Korean Studies (ICKS).

Prior to joining HRNK, Scarlatoiu was the Director of Public Affairs and Business Issues of the Korea Economic Institute (KEI) in Washington, D.C. In that capacity, he planned, designed and implemented outreach programs to educate Americans on developments on the Korean peninsula and U.S.-Korea relations both inside and outside of Washington, DC. Before his work with KEI, he was Management Associate for the International Science and Technology Institute, Inc. (ISTI) in Arlington, Virginia. He was tasked with business development, project management, technical assistance implementation, and liaising with multilateral and bilateral development agencies, partners, and clients under USAID, World Bank and Asian Development Bank projects worldwide.

KIM YOUNG-SOON
Choreographer, Political Prison Camp Survivor and Human Rights Activist

(Excerpt from Reuters report) Kim Young-soon was a celebrated dancer who moved among North Korea’s elite before she was sent to prison for nine years. Her crime? Knowing a secret about the private life of heir apparent Kim Jong-il. It was the secret of an affair Kim Jong-il began in the 1960s with a married actress that he wanted kept from his father and founder of North Korea’s ruling dynasty, Kim Il-sung, which even now is so sensitive it remains air-brushed from the reclusive state’s official history. Kim Jong-il would eventually father a son with the actress, a star of her time called Sung Hye-rim, or Song Hye-rim, who died in exile in Russia in 2002. “I have lived a life that cannot be told without tears,” Kim Young-soon told Reuters in Seoul, where she now works as a dance instructor after escaping to South Korea in 2003. “This is just the frightening way in which North Korea works.” Much of the story of Kim Young-soon, whose book “I was Sung Hye-rim’s Friend” was published two years ago, have been verified by North Korean defectors, including former high-ranking officials in the secretive state. Intelligence sources have also verified reports of Kim Jong-il’s liaisons with Sung, whom is believed to have been one of his wives and the mother of Kim Jong-nam, who was born in 1971.

Sung, a school friend of Kim Young-soon, was one of the country’s first big movie stars, with legions of fans including film buff Kim Jong-il. Kim Young-soon was herself a well-known dancer who met the leader and his son at performances. Her family lived among the elite and her brother was a general who had helped capture Seoul in the early stages of the 1950-53 Korean War. One day, she met Sung who said she was moving into a place in Pyongyang called “special residence number five” — a home reserved for the family of the ruling Kim clan. She knew what it meant. Her friend was to become Kim’s wife. In other words, not only was Kim Jong-il forcing a woman six years older to divorce her husband to move in with him but, more riskily, he was rejecting the communist revolutionary his father had chosen for him to produce heirs for the ruling dynasty. It was by repeating the story that Kim Young-soon became a criminal, losing her family, her privileged status and living for decades at the mercy of the North’s security apparatus.

She had not realized just how far Kim Jong-il would go to keep the relationship secret. In August 1970, Kim Young-soon was a young mother, retired from dancing and working at a department store, when she was told to leave on a business trip to a booming border city with China. She packed her bags, went to the train station and was met by two state security agents who forced her into a Soviet-made jeep. Interrogated and forced to write her entire life story, she included a line in one of the dozens of notebooks she filled about the conversation with Sung. “If I knew it would have landed me in the Yoduk political prison, I would have never written it in the statement,” she said. She later speculated an informant had tipped off security about the marriage and her written statement confirmed it.

Kim Young-soon spent the next nine years fighting for food and her life in the North’s political prison camp system, which is thought to now house about 200,000 people. She later choreographed a bone-chilling musical about the prison camps called “Yoduk Story.”

It was not until 10 years after she was released — after Kim Jong-il had apparently lost interest in the actress — that she was told by a state security agent why she landed in prison. “He told me that Sung Hye-rim was not Kim Jong-il’s wife and to forget what I might have heard about them having a child.” By that time, Kim Jong-il had two other sons with a former dancer named Ko Young-hee, including a boy named Kim Jong-un who is seen as the most likely successor.

“Once Kim Jong-il took up with his new wife Ko Young-hee, (also known as Ko Yong-hui) they went on to erase any remembrance of Sung Hye-rim,” Kim Young-soon said. “North Koreans really don’t care who will come next. They know that they will have to follow the leader, whoever it is.”

SHIN DONG-HYUK
Political Prison Camp Survivor and Executive Director, Inside North Korea

Shin Dong-hyuk was born in 1982 in Camp Number 14, a notorious “total control zone” political prison camp located in Kaechon north of Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. Like all other prisoners, Shin Dong-hyuk was expected to serve a life sentence and die in the camp. His only crime was that he was born as the child of prisoners. He lived in the camp until he was 24 years old. Within the camp, he was victim to torture, forced labour, and deprivation from nutrition and
medical care. Years of hard labor have left many scars. At age of 14, he witnessed the execution of his mother and brother who had tried to escape.

Shin Dong-hyuk escaped in 2005 at the age of 22 after hearing stories about the outside world from another prisoner and made his way to the North Korean – Chinese border in one month. He lived in hiding in China until he resettled in South Korea in 2006. His father remains in the camp, his fate unknown. Since Shin Dong-hyuk’s defection to South Korea he has become involved with human rights groups to bring about awareness concerning the atrocities occurring in North Korea. The book about his life, “Escape from Camp 14: One Man’s Remarkable Odyssey from North Korea to Freedom in the West,” became an instant bestseller, having been translated into more than 30 languages since its launch in March 2012.

Shin is the founding executive director of Inside North Korea, an NGO with offices in Seoul and Washington, DC.

TIM A. PETERS
Founder-Managing Director
Helping Hands Korea (HHK)/Catacombs

Tim Peters is a Christian activist whose service has spanned four decades, six countries, as well as the Caribbean and Polynesian Islands. He currently resides with his wife, Sun-mi, in Seoul, South Korea where he has lived and labored on three separate occasions for a total of nearly 23 years since 1975. Tim and Sun-mi have five grown children and four grandchildren.

Under his leadership, Helping Hands Korea in 1996 experienced a major shift of focus from projects in South Korea to the needs of North Koreans in crisis. In response to news of famine in North Korea, Helping Hands Korea launched a small program to provide food aid to the most vulnerable sectors of North Korean society. Through these efforts, unorthodox avenues of aid delivery were developed to maximize transparency in monitoring, a chronic challenge to humanitarian groups in North Korea. From 1998, Helping Hands Korea undertook the additional task of assisting North Koreans in China who had fled famine and oppression in their own country only to find their lives also at risk in China. Aid to North Korean refugees in China includes secret shelters, food, clothing, emergency medical treatment, as well as spiritual guidance and comfort. Logistical support is given to refugees for escape to third countries via the so-called ‘underground railroad’ in certain crisis conditions. Since 2005, aid by HHK in China to orphaned children of forcibly repatriated North Korean refugee women has grown significantly.

Mr. Peters has also worked in a variety of secular jobs to support his family and Christian activities in the tradition of a ‘tentmaker missionary.’ In addition to a number of teaching positions, he has also worked as an editor and speechwriter for the Korean National Commission for UNESCO, the Korean National Red Cross and the Federation of Korean Industries (FKI) in Seoul. In early 2004, he was approached by the World Economic Forum to prepare a paper that would outline the current predicament of North Korean refugees in China, to project worst-case and best-case scenarios of this crisis as well as to recommend practical measures to help the 300,000 North Korean refugees in China. Mr. Peters’ has given U.S. Congressional testimony on three occasions between 2002 and 2005.His written submission for the April 28, 2004 hearing of the House of Representatives’ International Relations Committee, Subcommittee of Asia and the Pacific, entitled “Korean Pathetique: A Symphony of Refugee Tears Unheeded” contains the essence of his analysis and policy recommendations as submitted to the World Economic Forum. This analysis of the multi-faceted North Korean refugee problem with proposed solutions has been referenced in the Encyclopedia of Human Rights, 2009, (v.3) by Oxford University Press.

Mr. Peters’ activism was profiled in a TIME magazine cover story (Asia) on May 1st of 2006. His missionary work has also been highlighted in Newsweek (Asia), The Sunday Times (London), New York Times, International Herald Tribune, Washington Times, BBC, NPR, ABC’s Nightline, Korea Times, Christianity Today, the award-winning documentary, Seoul Train, and the major 2012 book release by author Melanie Kirkpatrick, Escape from North Korea, The Untold Story of Asia’s Underground Railroad. The Wall Street Journal recommended Peters for the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. Peters won the 2008 St. Stephen’s Prize in Oslo, presented by Norway’s former Prime Minister, Kjell Bondevik, on behalf of Stephanus Alliance International.

KIM KWANG-JIN
Senior Researcher
ROK Institute for National Security Strategy (INSS)/HRNK

Mr. Kim, a former senior North Korean government official, found his way to freedom, together with his family, more than a decade ago. He has published extensively on the North Korean regime’s licit and illicit economic activities, enabling experts and the public to understand the inner workings of North Korea’s “royal palace economy.” Mr. Kim has authored two HRNK reports, having accurately predicted the post-Kim Jong-il scenario and Kim Jong-un’s ascent to power. He is currently working on two new HRNK reports.

For your further information, please find below an excerpt from the introduction to the 2011 HRNK report “After Kim Jong-il: Can We Hope for Change?” by Mr. Kim Kwang-jin (introduction authored by Richard V. Allen, former HRNK Co-chair, and Chuck Downs, former HRNK Executive Director).

‘On a dark night in September, 2003, Mr. Kim Kwang Jin, accompanied by his family, rushed to an airport in Southeast Asia to fly to freedom in Seoul, South Korea. His wife later recalled that every step she took felt like she was walking to the gallows. Only a few months earlier, the Kims had been privileged members of the North Korean regime’s overseas banking operations, bestowed with benefits that many members of North Korea’s official diplomatic missions do not receive. The Kims had entertained visiting North Korean officials, including some of the high level people mentioned in this report, and enjoyed purchasing power and lifestyles that other North Koreans can hardly imagine. With privilege comes an understanding of reality—most obviously, the false precepts of a regime that exists solely for the benefit of Kim Jong-Il at the expense of a nation that is impoverished, starving, and suffering. The family of Kim Kwang Jin, like many other recent defectors, can now speak openly in the West about the misery they know exists in North Korea and their patriotic hopes for a North Korea that will be different after Kim Jong-Il.’

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The ceremony was held May 28th in Paris.

You can find out more about him on his website:

http://www.benjaminjoinau.com/

 

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We look forward to welcoming your students to Hankuk University of Foreign Studies (HUFS) soon!

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Taking the day off really rocks. So does gold leaf and proper embossed stationery.

Thank you, Ambassador Kim!

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Hankuk University of Foreign Studies’ 60th Anniversary Celebration

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The main event will be held in Obama Hall, Seoul campus, at 4:00 pm.

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2012 ISS Goodness in Spring 2014!

Two friends (one from Singapore, one from Russia) meet in Seoul again.

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